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At Harold Wood Primary, we follow a topic approach to teaching geography where appropriate; objectives that are not met through the topic approach are taught discretely. Topics and objectives are informed by the National Curriculum. Each year group studies half-termly topics.


We aim to provide the pupils with a Geography curriculum which stimulates pupil’s interest in their environment. It also aims to develop their knowledge and understanding of places and geographical processes, within the United Kingdom and around the world. Our intent is to equip our pupils with sound geographical skills, helping them to understand and apply the skills and knowledge that they have learnt.


The aim of our geography curriculum is for pupils to:

  • Develop a greater understanding and knowledge of the world, as well as their place in it
  • Provide opportunities to investigate, encouraging them to develop geographical concepts, knowledge & skills
  • Develop a curiosity about the world 
  • Develop an understanding of places, people, resources and natural and human environments
  • Develop an understanding of the Earth’s key physical and human processes
  • Interpret a range of sources of geographical information, including maps, diagrams and aerial photographs
  • Foster a positive attitude to Geography 
  • Communicate geographical information in a variety of ways and take part in fieldwork activities
  • Develop and use their skills in enquiry, investigation, analysis, evaluation and debate
  • Develop knowledge and skills that are transferable to other curriculum areas, which can be used to promote their spiritual, moral, social, emotional and cultural development.


The mapping of the Geography curriculum shows clear progression of knowledge & skills in line with age related expectations and the National Curriculum.



In Early Years, the children are given many opportunities to develop  knowledge and understanding of the wider world and community around them. They observe the similarities and differences between places and talk about their own immediate environment. Through developing a sense of place, geography inspires a curiosity, love of learning and appreciation of the environment.


In KS1 & KS2, the school has identified the key knowledge and skills of each Geography area and there is clear progression throughout each year group and across key stages. 


At the start of each topic, the children are ‘hooked’ in as part of the ‘engage stage’ to the topic; this is usually in the form of a memorable experience which stimulates the children’s curiosity and interest. The end of each topic culminates in the ‘express stage’, where children reflect upon and celebrate their learning.



The geography curriculum ensures that all children are well equipped for their next steps in their learning. Children have positive attitudes to learning and are motivated and interested learners. 


Monitoring of lessons, learning walks, planning, and books show that the children are given a range of activities from the different aspects of the geography curriculum and are supported and challenged where appropriate.


Geographical understanding, as well as children’s spiritual, moral, social, emotional and cultural development is further supported by school ‘drives’  such as ‘Climate Ambassadors’ and through the use of our extensive school grounds.